S E A T S - 人 土 人 / 抽象主義 - 部落椅凳展


2013.8.6 - 2013.9.8




部落的椅凳.造型上來說,區分為抽象主義與象徵主義,不同的部落有他們慣有傳承的造型脈絡。一般來說,象徵性的椅凳,無非希望透過動物或其他的形象進而獲的相同的力量與期待,抽象性的椅凳,大多直覺式的表現出對於造型美感的看法。

人類為表現審美、信仰、地位、與象徵,而有各種藝術的創作,又因環境的不同而產生不同的適應生活方式。椅凳是非洲傳統文化的載體,而非洲傢俱靈感基本都源自於大自然,這些靈感來自於動物,樹木和土壤。據歷史記載,大部分在非洲部落和文化始終認為,人類真正的權力是來自於樹木,河流,石頭和土壤或強大的動物。

在非洲許多部族文化中,椅凳是極私人的物件,被視為靈魂的載體。因此,每個人都視自己的椅凳為珍寶。生活中必不可少的椅凳也日益成為擁有者權力和社會地位的象徵。在一些部族中,只有部族首領、巫醫、權貴等人才能擁有自己的椅凳。除此之外,在人們追求返璞歸真、崇尚自然的今天,很多現代傢俱也融合了部落元素在裡面,在衝突中產生平衡,散發著古樸自然的氣息,與使用者的生活融為一體。顏色自然樸實且質感強,使居室充滿悠閒、舒暢、寧靜的自然氛圍。

漫畫家幾米曾說:『椅子是每一個人的位置,在社會中的位置,每一個椅子則代表了人在世界的一種位置,一把椅子往往可以反應眾生萬相。』這一點我們可以從中國古代的椅子可以明顯看出,家具甚至是禮儀和階級名分的象徵。首先,中國的椅子階級高於凳子,其次靠背椅(泛指有靠背的椅子)的階級高於扶手椅(無靠背的椅子),靠背椅中的寶座是專供帝王使用,象徵著最高統治者至高無上、獨一無二的權力和地位象徵。

對於椅子,體現社會地位而非舒適性,曾長時間佔據人們的觀念。Galen Cranz在其著述《椅子》(The
Chair)中闡述椅子發展史時曾提到,相當長的時間裡,"
放眼世界,"椅子"和"坐在椅子上"已經成為了一種象徵。無論東方與西方,椅子的含義雖不相同,但都表示地位和身份。非洲椅凳普遍高度約在8到30公分之間,相較於現今椅子高度約40到50公分的範圍低矮了許多。這樣的坐椅高度和非洲廣泛採用的蹲坐姿勢相吻合,同時反映了他們在地面上生活和工作的自然寫照。

在椅凳中,凡舉非洲座椅從寫實的、具象的到半具象、抽象的表現,純熟地變換和運用,形式繁多。椅凳以簡潔明朗的外觀,剛柔並存。木料保留原始的疤結、殘邊和裂縫,在著色前都經過了處理,讓原始木材表面的質地凸顯,那種樸實無華的美感增添原始的質樸特性。此外,可從衣索比亞的十字造型符號的座椅,追溯於西元四世紀時即接受基督教的洗禮,是一個具有悠久和豐富的基督教傳統的國家。典雅的十字造型,不單彰顯其過去的歷史,亦可表達抽象而神聖的宗教意涵。另外,馬里的多貢人將凳面視為天、凳底視為地,而凳面與凳底之間的支架則像徵大樹,連接天地。非洲部落裡,他們把自然資源與他們自己的想像力結合起來,創作出獨有的原始力量的作品。

1995年夏天,Hans SandgrenJakobsen《漢斯·雅各布森》參觀了一個關於非洲文化的展覽,無意中發現了幾張來自剛果及象牙海岸部落的座椅,除了華麗的裝飾性雕刻花紋外,他還發現簡單的實木彎折技術,回到工作室後,立刻以整片長方形硬紙板,設計出具有二次直角轉折的三面向原型椅,但遍尋丹麥各地傢俱廠商,卻沒有一家願意生產,因為當時曲木技術尚無法完成如此複雜的大角度轉折,然而丹麥皇室御用傢俱品牌FREDERICIA最終卻被Hans
SandgrenJakobsen的誠意打動,經過無數次試驗後,終於在1998年以十片0.8公釐薄、53×125公分的實木板膠合,並將材質張力與曲木技術發揮至極限,完成此張名為Gallery、一推出便囊括世界各大設計獎項的驚人作品。



『 S E A T S - 人 土 人 』 Abstract-Tribal Stool Exhibition

For tribe stool to Speaking has divided into abstraction and
symbolism. Different tribes have their customary inheritance modeling
context. Generally speaking, the symbolic stool is nothing but hoped
from animal or other image to obtain the same strength and
expectations . Abstraction of stool is intuitive modeling demonstrated
for aesthetic response.

Humanity in order to perform the aesthetic, beliefs, status, and
symbolism, and a variety of artistic creation , because of the
environment to produce a different fitness lifestyle. Stool is the
carrier of traditional African culture, The African style furnishings
are derived from the basic nature, these inspiration comes from
animals, trees and soil. According to historical records, most of the
African tribes and cultures have always believed that the real power
comes from the human trees, rivers, powerful animals, stones and soil.

Many tribal cultures in Africa, stool is extremely private objects.
Therefore, everyone depend on their stools to treasure. Stool also
become their power and a symbol of social status for the life. In some
tribes, only the tribal leaders, worship, witch doctors, dignitaries
and other people can have their own bench. What is more in the pursuit
of back to nature, respect for nature today, many modern furniture
integration and African elements in it, seeking a balance in the
conflict, natural atmosphere exudes simplicity, integration with the
user's life . Natural colors and textures strong , it make the room
full of leisurely, relaxed, serene natural atmosphere.

The cartoonist Jimmy said: Chair is everyone's position, in the
society of the location, each chair represents the position of a
person in the world, and a chair can often react beings megapixel.
This is something we can from the ancient Chinese chairs can be
clearly seen , furniture and even etiquette and grade birthright
symbol. First, China's level is higher than the chair stool, the next
backrest chairs rank higher than the armchair, the backrest chairs is
used exclusively for the emperor, symbolizing the supreme ruler,
unique power and status.

For chairs, reflect social status are not comfort, has long time
occupied the people concept. Galen Cranz in his writings ( The Chair)
outlined the history of the chair, he mentioned, quite a long time,
Explore the world , chairs and to sit the chairs has become a symbol.
no matter East and West, though the meaning of the chairs are
different, but have the same expressed their status and identity .
Africa generally seat height about between in 8-30 cm, compared lower
the current chairs height about 40-50 cm. This seat height and widely
correspond with in Africa squatting posture, which coincides reflects
their life and work on the ground of the natural portrayal.

As a stool, to mention the Africa seat from realistic, figurative to
semi-figurative, abstract expression, skillfully transform and use
many forms. Stools with simple and clear appearance, rigid coexist.
Timber preserves the original scar end, residual edges and cracks in
the treatment before they are coloring, so the original wood surface
texture obviously, and make the simple texture adds original rustic
features of beauty. In addition, the cross shape from Ethiopia symbols
seat back in the fourth century AD that is acceptable Christian
baptism is a Christian with a long and rich tradition of the country.
Classic cross shape, not only to highlight its past history, but also
express abstract and sacred religious meaning. Dogon people of Mali to
get the stools face as top, stools bottom as ground, and stools
surface and the bottom bracket like a sign between trees, connecting
top and ground. African tribes, they put their own natural resources
and imagination combine to create unique works of raw power.

In 1995 of the summer, Hans Sandgren Jakobsen visited an exhibition
on African culture, accidentally discovered a few from the Congo and
the Ivory Coast aboriginal seats, In addition to the decorative
carving patterns, and he also found that the simple wood bending
technology, Back in the workroom, immediately to the entire piece
rectangular cardboard, designed with secondary angle turning three
chairs facing the prototype, but searching out around the Danish
furniture manufacturers, but no one wants to produce, because it was
bent wood technology is still not complete such a complex of
large-angle, however, the Danish royal for imperial use Furniture
Brands FREDERICIA finally being moved by the sincerity of Hans
Sandgren Jakobsen, after numerous tests, and finally in 1998 to ten
piece 0.8mm thin, 53 × 125 cm, glued wood panels and material tension
and bentwood technology to its limits, then complete this sheet is
named Gallery, and a launch will include the world's major design
awards amazing works.





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